Intro to Romania

Sibiu_desusIn between the Danube, the Black Sea and the Carpathian Mountains this beautiful country is growing into an alluring tourist destination. Apparently a closed book (for many) and an far away unknown place, Romania is breaking the shell and coming out into the world, the travel world to be exact.

Romania is a rich country with lush green valleys and rolling hills, with sandy beaches and sunny days; and last but not least with a myriad of historical sites and towns awaiting to be revealed.

With 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites on it’s territory and several others on the waiting list it is definitely a must see in your travels in Europe.

When talking about Romania, we cannot miss to mention it’s legendary region of Transylvania. It is just something I have to say, it is real, it is spectacular, not kitsch at all and undeniably one of the mus see’s of the country. Lonely Planet named Transylvania the No 1 region to visit for 2016, and they aren’t wrong (read article here).

Keep close and I will show you all the best parts to explore in Romania!



Official Name: Romania

Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe

Time Zone: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 2)

Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km)

Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.

Romania flag
Romania flag

Population: 19,942,000 (March 2014)

Largest cities (population): Bucharest (1,883,400), Iasi (322,000), Cluj Napoca (309,000),
Timisoara (303,000), Constanta (298,000), Craiova (295,000), Galati (286,000),
Brasov (275,000), Ploiesti (224,000), Braila (205,000), Oradea (196,400).

Romania’s population lives in 320 cities and towns and 12,956 villages.

Main Ethnic Groups: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Gipsy 3.1%,
German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%

Religions: Romanian Orthodox (Christian) 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%,
Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other. bani-romanesti

Official Language: Romanian (Latin language)

Currency: Leu (RON) ( plural Lei ) – meaning Lions

Climate: Temperate, four seasons

Capital: Bucharest (București)

Form of State: Romania is a semi-presidential republic
based on a bicameral Parliament: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. All members of the legislature are directly elected from Romania’s 41 counties.

Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.

Electoral System: Universal direct suffrage over the age of 18. Parties must win at least five percent of the national vote to gain representation in the Parliament.

Klaus-Iohannis1National Elections – next elections: Fall 2016 (parliamentary), Fall 2019 (presidential)

Head of State: President of the Republic, currently Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis;(elected on November 16, 2014).
Romania’s president is allowed to serve two consecutive five-year terms.

National Government: The government is led by the Prime Minister, confirmed by the Parliament on the nomination of the President of Romania. The present Government is formed from non politically affiliated specialists.

Head of the Government: the Prime Minister, currently Mr. Mihai Tudose.

Main political parties:
Social Democratic Party (PSD), the New National Liberal Party (Noul PNL), Democratic Union of Hungarian Ethnics in Romania (UDMR), National Union for Progress (UNPR), Liberal-Democratic Alliance (ALDE), Popular/ Social Movement (PMP).

Romania is a member state of the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)